Andalusian Strategy for Integrated Coastal Zone Management

Andalusian Strategy for Integrated Coastal Zone Management


Status: complete

Categorization: ICZM

Country: Spain

Period: 01.01.2005 / 31.12.2008

Contact info

Name: N/A N/A

Organization: Territorial Delegation of Environment in Seville




Summary description: The project is based on promoting the rational use of the territory, facilitating the development of human activities but under the premises of the fragility of coastal areas, the protection of their landscapes and the ecological balance between present and future generations. Its main axes are "Building a strong system of partnerships for a new policy" and "Having appropriate instruments for an integrated coastal management model", from a physical and natural, economic and social, and legal and administrative approach.

Type: strategy

EU Challenges for sustainable tourism: (ii) minimising resource use and production of waste, (v) limiting the environmental impact of tourism-related transport, (viii) mitigating and adapting to climate change, further challenges

EU Principles: (i) taking a holistic and integrated approach (economic, social and environmental aspects), (iii) involving stakeholders, (v) promoting awareness and commitment, further principles

Reason of interest for COASTING: Because one of the priorities of the strategy is to achieve multilateral cooperation in the institutional environment, ensuring coordination between public entities, private companies and social agents. Therefore, in the context of an integrated management initiative of Coastal Areas, tourism management would be part of a model of participatory coastal management, such as the involvement of sustainable tourism in coastal areas, as well as in the planning and use of facilities and facilities to diversify the tourist offer.

Financial information

Budget: 1,000,000.00 €

Financial sources: It is a project financed with public funds and investments, co-financed by the European Union, the Spanish State and the Regional Government of Andalusia. European/ national/regional.

Background information

Territorial context: The coast of Andalusia stretches for 800 km. with two geographically distinct stretches: a western sector to the Strait of Gibraltar, exposed to the Atlantic Ocean, and an eastern sector, from the Strait to Almeria, exposed to the Mediterranean Sea. Andalusia concentrates a large part of its population on the coast, so the physical characteristics of these areas, which correspond to the human habitat itself, are extremely interesting when it comes to analysing our quality of life. Tourism has a great significance within the Andalusian productive system and, therefore, a large part of the active population depends on this set of activities. economic. In addition, some more competitive sectors of the economy (intensive agriculture), strategic (petrochemical industry), or emerging (renewable energy, aquaculture), is concentrated on the coast.

Relation to policies and strategies: Among the proposed strategic orientations, the strategy is particularly interested in the following regional level: - Establishing elements of policy linkages - To establish a sustainable tourism initiative as a framework for collaboration with other entities in the field of local development, to establish a common area of action between tourism policy and that of territorial planning, urban planning and public works and to specify collaboration measures between environmental and tourism control policy. - Facilitate the support of other institutions and entities in the promotion of sustainable tourism on the coast. - Improve the planning and use of facilities and equipment to diversify the tourist offer

Regulation framework: - Integrated: Andalusian Strategy for Sustainable Development. Agenda 21Andalusia, Andalusian Strategy for Climate Change. - Environmental: Andalusia's Environmental Plan (2004-2010), Criteria for the management of the Andalusian DPMT's ZSP, Andalusia's Sustainable Management of the Marine Environment Programme, Andalusia's Coastal Water Police Plan, Andalusia's Wetlands Plan, Andalusia's Biodiversity Conservation Plan, Andalusia's Climate Change Strategy, Environmental Education, etc. - Territorial and infrastructure: Spatial Planning Plan of Andalusia, Ports Plan of Andalusia, Regional Guidelines of the Andalusian Coast42. - Economic: General Plan for Sustainable Tourism in Andalusia (2008-2011), Areas of interest for the marine cultures of Andalusia, etc.

Specific information

Objectives: The main objective is to carry out integrated coastal management from the perspective of sustainability. In this sense, it is important to achieve a certain balance between the conservation of the socio-environmental values of the Andalusian coast and its economic development needs.

Developers (and governance): - The participation of institutional representatives with decision-making power is essential from the structures of the Directorates-General to the Councillors themselves. - Another level of participation of enormous importance has been constituted by the senior officials of the Central Services (Heads of Service, Coordinators...) of the Junta de Andalucía - The third level of participation in the EA-ICZM is that formed by the provincial social and institutional agents: municipal politicians and technicians, associations, of neighbours, environmental groups, representatives of farmers and fishermen, businessmen, traders, trade union organisations, government technicians, autonomic and central, etc. - Finally, Research Groups from different Andalusian Universities

Beneficiaries: Local communities and the next generations; local and regional economic players (individual and collective); current and future tourists; and all the agents involved, as described above.

Innovation aspects: - Inclusion of the marine environment in the integration of all sectors of activity. - It is in tune with natural processes, with the conservation of coastal resources, with instruments linked to sustainable development, with public domain goods, - Establishment of protocols for relations with other Departments and Public Administrations, with links to certain environmental instruments and other instruments of a strategic nature, in relation to the generation and dissemination of information of interest for the decision-making process. - Mechanisms established for the relationship with a considerable number of social and institutional actors involved in a participatory process.

Actions: - To formulate an institutional policy for ICZM - To improve coordination and institutional cooperation in matters related to the Andalusian coast. - Encourage public participation with a view to greater involvement. - Identify new institutional roles and responsibilities - Amend, adapt or adopt the necessary standard-setting instruments. - To have the necessary strategic and operational instruments, both regulatory (normative) and voluntary, at their disposal. - Create instruments for the implementation and monitoring of the strategy itself. - Ensure adequate technical training, understanding ICZM as a governance process. - To educate for sustainability in the coastal areas of Andalusia. - Provide sufficient public information and knowledge to cope with the process of change.

Stakeholders involvement: The objective of this participation is not only simple information to citizens but goes further: the citizens themselves have debated, qualified or proposed what the Andalusian Strategy for Integrated Coastal Zone Management should be like. This participation has been in open days. All those who, individually or on behalf of the institutions represented, wished to know in detail what had been done to date about the criteria used for the formulation of the Andalusian Strategy for Integrated Coastal Zone Management. The participation tools used have been: - The provincial days were held between May and July 2007. - Development of Working Groups, divided into project goals. - Working dynamics - Debates

Results achieved: - An Indicator System for ICZM was created - Implement the Balanced Scorecard (Balanced Scorecard) as the information and control tool of the strategic process in its implementation phase. - New criteria for the regulation and management of the economic-financial regime of the DPMT. - The Public Fund for the Improvement and Conservation of the Coast was created. This instrument will serve to encourage and channel joint action between the three administrations and individuals. - Conduct a Study on the Economic Impact of Natural Processes and Coastal Resources. - Initiate a project called Transfer of costs 0 Development of the Program for the Sustainability of the Andalusian Coastal Area - Training in educational institutions - Our coastline has a future.

Potential for learning and transfer

Challenges and obstacles: - Lack of specific legal support to support the shift towards a more integrated management model. - Lack of legal and administrative definition of the coastal environment for concerted actions and use of certain operational instruments - Excessive fragmentation of responsibilities related to coastal management: between different administrative levels. - There is no coastal administration or specific coordination and cooperation bodies. - Absence of an institutional training programme that meets

Success factors: - Growing social demand for more sustainable management. - Economic sectors demand another model of administration - Intention to establish some strategic alliances within the Andalusian government itself in relation to a more integrated management of our coastal areas. - New policies related to water resources. Very favourable national and international context for initiatives applied to ICZM. - Professional diversity in the most important departments linked to ICZM.

Transferability in COASTING project: It is interesting for COASTING to create an institutional policy to achieve an integrated model of tourism management in coastal areas, as an explicit and public commitment to the citizens, users or stakeholders of the coast. Another interesting aspect is the coordination and cooperation, in matters related to the coastal zone, between public institutions and local actors. Also, to encourage public participation so that social partners become stakeholders in the programme, and active agents of the alliance system.