Status: in progress
Categorization: habitat and biodiversity, climate change, water quality
Period: 01.01.2011 /
Name: Jennifer MICHELANGELI
Organization: AMP Metropole
Summary description: The Bay Contract is an environmental contract signed in 2015 for the coastal area under the responsibility of the Urban Community of Marseille-Provence Métropole, extended to cover Saint-Cyr-sur-Mer in the East and Martigues in the West, in order to ensure consistency across bodies of water. Inland, the contract includes the Huveaune drainage basin and most of the Les Aygalades drainage basin. It was driven by the strong ambition of local players to improve the quality of bathing water and coastal environments. In order to improve the quality of environments and ensure the sustainability of human activities, the Bay Contract meets the targets set by the local water development and management master plan (SDAGE) and has three main priorities: - Reduce sources of marine pollution; - Protect environments and ensure ecological restoration; - Raise awareness and educate people about the environment.
EU Challenges for sustainable tourism: (i) preserving and giving value to natural and cultural heritage and diversity, (v) limiting the environmental impact of tourism-related transport, (viii) mitigating and adapting to climate change
EU Principles: (i) taking a holistic and integrated approach (economic, social and environmental aspects), (ii) planning for the long term, (iii) involving stakeholders, (iv) multilevel governance, (v) promoting awareness and commitment
Reason of interest for COASTING: The Bay contract faces many challenges and allows bringing together a large number of actors in the same process, willing to guarantee the development of a sustainable tourism and to strengthen the coastline.
Budget: 250,000,000.00 €
Financial sources: Metropolis Aix-Marseille-Provence : 142,8 M€ Water Agency: 63,3 M€ Others: 41,5 M€ (City of Marseille, Regional Council Provence-Alpes-Côte-d’Azur, Departmental Council 13, municipalities and other financial sources like regional Parks)
Territorial context: The exceptional natural capital, guarantor of the living environment and the economic and touristic development of the territory, was the subject of significant anthropic pressure. Insufficient bathing water quality until 2012-2013, overcrowding of sites and conflicts of use, alteration of pivotal biocenoses in the Mediterranean, chemical and biological pollution, coastline erosion are just some of the examples.
Relation to policies and strategies: - River Contract for the Huveaune drainage basin: This is an environmental contract in its own right, managed by the Association of municipalities for the Huveaune drainage basin (SIBVH), and forms a consistent action plan. It is a response to the environmental challenges identified in the SDAGE and the Water Framework Directive (WFD) for this area, and takes into account more local challenges, including in coastal waters downstream of the drainage basin (decline of sea inflows). - Agglomeration Contract (for Sanitation - Calypso Contract: This aims to reduce toxic pollution of the natural environment from ports under the Marseille urban community by addressing wastewater from careening yards and the management of hazardous waste. It applies to the coastline from Sausset-Les-Pins to La Ciotat. Other examples: - City of Marseille bathing action plan - Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis regional climate and energy plan - Calanques National Park charter - the Natura 2000 network
Regulation framework: - European regulation DERU (water pollution)/ European directive 2006/7/CE - Regulation regarding water sanitation of the city of Marseille
Objectives: - Reduce sources of marine pollution; - Protect environments and ensure ecological restoration; - Raise awareness and educate people about the environment. It was driven by the strong ambition of local players to improve the quality of bathing water and coastal environments.
Developers (and governance): - State services such as DREAL Paca, DDTM 13, DIRM Méditerranée, Préfécture maritime, ARS Paca - the prefect of Bouches-du Rhône - Metropolis Aix-Marseille-Provence - City of Marseille - Water Agency Rhône Méditerranée (depends of the Ministry of the ecological and solidarity transition) - the region Provence-Alpes-Côtes-d’Azur - the department Bouches-du-Rhône - River Contract for the Huveaune drainage basin - Agglomeration Contract (for Sanitation) - Calypso Contract - City of Marseille bathing action plan - Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis reginal climate and energy plan - Calanques National Park charter - the Natura 2000 network (70 actors involved)
Beneficiaries: Local communities on the coastline Local and regional economic players National park des Calanques Current and future tourists Port and marina of the bay (61 ports) local associations that work on environmental issues boaters federations of nautical societies the State and its services the Grand Seaport
Innovation aspects: The innovative aspects of the Bay contract are important to highlight: coastal governance (composed of a large number of actors) and public and private project promoters, acting in the same direction.
Actions: 80 actions grouped under 17 main priorities: 1. Fight against domestic pollution 2. River Contract for the Huveaune drainage basin 3. Fight against port pollution 4. Specific ecological monitoring 5. Fight against rain pollution 6. Fight against industrial and professional pollution 7. Coordination of coastal managers 8. Restoration of watercourses 9. Restoration of natural sites 10. Ecological engineering 11. Strategy and coordination of beacon and coastal anchorage areas 12. Development, implementation and monitoring of management plans for artificial reefs 13. Studies and specific actions 14. Setting up observatories 15. Piloting and evaluation of the Bay Contract 16. Global comprehensive information and awareness strategy 17. Awareness-raising actions to be implemented before the adoption of the general communication plan
Stakeholders involvement: Implicated stakeholders c.f. beneficiaries: Local communities on the coastline Local and regional economic players National park des Calanques Current and future tourists Port and marina of the bay (61 ports) local associations that work on environmental issues boaters federations of nautical societies the State and its services the Grand Seaport How? Thematic commissions to set the action program Technical committees (including financial) to record the financing of the actions Bay Committees of to validate the progress of the actions, the annual reports and the new perspectives
Results achieved: Due to the intrinsically cross-cutting nature of the project, in 2016 and 2017, the Bay Committee secretariat took part in creation of the Metropolis and in the technical adaptation of the Metropolis’ future maritime and coastal policy. In 2018, the Bay Contract was extended to the Gulf of Fos. Marseille beaches to all 49 bathing areas located along the coastline within the scope of the Contract. - Technical and legal support for lead partners (Marseille-Provence Chamber of Commerce and Industry, EPA Euroméditerranée, Marseille Fos Port Authority, Calanques National Park, etc.). - Creation of several working groups and implementation of various actions set out in the Contract, focusing on issues such as the Boumandariel wetlands, coordination of communal bathing areas, discussion of the organisation of maritime uses, and implementation of the coastal managers club through the Livre Bleu.
Potential for learning and transfer
Challenges and obstacles: The Bay contract disposes of dedicated human resources (A dedicated project manager whose role is to lead the process, to coordinate all the actions to be implemented and the implementation of the concerted management on the scale of the territory of the Bay Contract, which manages the MPM project management actions and provides the interface with the relevant operational MPM departments and a technical project manager for the monitoring of operations as co-pilot of the Bay Contract).
Success factors: - Public and private consultation played a central role in the Bay Contract drafting process - strong political porting - representation on the Bay Committee from all territorial scales (local, state, department, region) - Legal framework of intervention: Master Plan of Development and Management of Waters, European-Framework-Directive on Water, device "Contract of environment" - Gathering partners around a common cause that is improving the quality of water and the coastal environment
Transferability in COASTING project: Yes, it can be transferred in COASTING context. Since the legal system is based on European legislation, it is replicable at the level of COASTING partners. The metropolis has given itself the means of its ambition. Financing, organization, staff, mobilization of the actors, animation of the local and regional network