Strategies for the protection of the coast in the provinces of Cádiz, Málaga and Almería considering the effects of climate change

Strategies for the protection of the coast in the provinces of Cádiz, Málaga and Almería considering the effects of climate change


Status: in progress

Categorization: ICZM, habitat and biodiversity, cultural heritage, transport, local development, climate change, fisheries, water quality, Risk management

Country: Spain

Period: 01.02.2019 / 30.06.2021

Contact info

Name: Dña. Ana María Oñoro Valenciano

Organization: Dirección General de la Costa y el Mar. MITECO




Summary description: These strategies are part of a project's framework which aims to carry out a diagnosis for a better understanding of coastal erosion problems, an analysis of possible scenarios and risk reduction options, and the design of coastal protection strategies for the coasts of Cádiz, Málaga and Almería.

Type: project, strategy

EU Challenges for sustainable tourism: (i) preserving and giving value to natural and cultural heritage and diversity, (ii) minimising resource use and production of waste, (iii) enhancing local community prosperity and quality of life, (viii) mitigating and adapting to climate change, further challenges

EU Principles: (i) taking a holistic and integrated approach (economic, social and environmental aspects), (ii) planning for the long term, (iii) involving stakeholders, (v) promoting awareness and commitment, further principles

Reason of interest for COASTING: It is interesting because it is a work on the coastal territory but from the point of view of the implementation of climate change mitigation measures. It makes a locality-by-locality diagnosis of the risks to which they are subjected in three large Andalusian coastal provinces. It classifies these risks and, in addition, measures them in terms of levels of severity of the perceived problems. The aim is to create strategies for the protection of these coasts. It may be an interesting precedent for extending the scope of the project to other coastal areas.

Financial information

Budget: 399.96 €

Financial sources: This project is funded by the Structural Reform Support Programme of the European Union and implemented in collaboration with EUCC and its partners, and the European Commission.

Background information

Territorial context: The provinces of Cádiz, Málaga and Almería have a large number of kilometres of coastline. Particularly in these provinces, the majority of the population lives in coastal towns. These provinces are very economically focused on tourism, especially Málaga with the star Spanish sun and beach destination (the Costa del Sol). Cádiz and Almería, on the other hand, offer tourists not only beaches, but also great natural beauty spots. The Doñana National Park and the Cabo de Gata-Níjar Natural Park are located there and form part of the coastline, thus providing a unique natural heritage.


Regulation framework: This project is aligned with the current Strategy for the adaptation of the Spanish coastline to climate change, Coastal Law 22/1988, Law 2/2013 on the Protection and Sustainable Use of the Coast and amending Law 22/1988, the Gen. Coastal Law (RD 876/2014) and the EU Floods Directive (Directive 2007/60/EC on Flood Risk Assessment and Management).

Specific information

Objectives: It aims to apply an integrated approach, taking into consideration those physical, environmental and institutional factors interrelated with the evolution of the coastline, flood risk, occupations of the public domain, erosion problems and the effects of climate change. It is carried out under the modern approach to Disaster Risk Management (GRD) and proposes as a planning instrument the strategy (which is later implemented in different territories) identifying the most appropriate coastal protection measures for the provinces of Cádiz, Málaga and Almería including viable alternatives that address all phases of the GRD cycle (including prevention, preparedness and recovery) and the corresponding implementation plan.

Developers (and governance): The beneficiary of the project is the Ministry for Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge (MITECO); Directorate General for the Sustainability of the Coast and the Sea (DGSCS), Spain. It is being implemented by a European consortium led by the European Union Coastal and Marine Union (EUCC) including the Institute of Environmental Hydraulics (IHCantabria), the University of Cadiz and the MedCities network. Working in close collaboration with MITECO.

Beneficiaries: On the one hand, local communities, current and future, will benefit from these good practices, as they will be able to exploit these coastal resources in a sustainable way, providing sustenance and enjoyment. On the other hand, local and regional economic agents, businessmen, fishermen and all economic activities linked to the coast will benefit from better management and conservation of the coast.

Innovation aspects: The main innovative aspect of this project is the use of a modern approach to Disaster Risk Management (GRD) that seeks to reduce the vulnerability of individuals, families and society by strengthening their capacities to respond to hazards resulting from disasters. It is used to both prevent and reduce the effects of disasters. In this case, they diagnose risks and measure them to ultimately propose mitigation and recovery strategies.

Actions: In progress

Stakeholders involvement: The strategies are developed taking into account the perception of coastal problems by the Directorate General for the Coast and Sea (DGCM) and 67 local stakeholders consulted in 14 workshops.

Results achieved: In progress.

Potential for learning and transfer

Challenges and obstacles: In progress.

Success factors: In progress.

Transferability in COASTING project: The transferability for the COASTING project can be justified for any locality or coastal region as it identifies risks or problems in order to measure them, assess them and act accordingly by generating an implementation plan. It is of interest both as a method of prevention and as a method of recovery after a specific disaster. Therefore, any coastal area is likely to improve its coastal protection thanks to a project of similar characteristics.